Keratoconus FAQs

Swan Family Optometry In Fair Oaks, CA Answers Keratoconus FAQs

Dr. Elisabeth Swan of our Swan Family Optometry clinic answers all your questions about Keratoconus. Our eye care center provides an understanding of what this condition is, who it affects, and how we treat it.

diagram explaining how kertoconus works

What is Keratoconus?

This condition causes light rays to not focus the way they should when the cornea thins and bulges. According to recent research reports, weakening of the cornea tissue causes it. As it progresses, this condition could result in astigmatism or nearsightedness.

Who does Keratoconus primarily affect?

It often affects family members of a person already diagnosed and people as young as 20 years old. Anyone who spends quite a bit of time in the sun or who excessively rubs their eyes might also have this problem. Wearing poorly fitted contacts or the wrong lenses also causes it.

What are the symptoms?

Blurry and distorted vision that causes driving or reading difficulties are the primary symptoms. Chronic eye redness and swelling, inability to wear prescribed contact lenses or frequent eyeglass prescription changes might also indicate possible Keratoconus. Increased light and glare sensitivity might also occur.

The progression of this condition could take years, but the onset can also occur suddenly. It causes tissue scarring and distorted vision and blurriness.

How do Fair Oaks optometrists detect and treat Keratoconus?

If you undergo a routine eye exam, our Fair Oaks optometrist usually can detect it during that consultation. This entails reading eye charts through a phoropter viewer and undergoing pupil dilation tests that determine retinal and optic nerve health. We also test eye functions such as tracking, teaming, accommodation and visual process speed.                               

After diagnosis, your Fair Oaks optometrist can apply one of these treatments:

  • Cross-corneal linking – This involves administration of a B vitamin called riboflavin into the corneal area to strengthen it. We can perform this procedure with or without the outer corneal layer present.
  • Custom lenses – Some choices include gas permeable, piggybacking, hybrid or scleral and semi-scleral lenses. The primary purpose is to provide comfort using lenses that conform to the eye shape. For people with a severe case of Keratoconus, prosthetic lenses may improve vision and control light sensitivity.
  • Intacs – In some situations, we would insert these plastic pieces under the eye’s surface to reshape the cornea if contacts or glasses will not help.  
  • Keratoplasty – For instance, topography-guided conductive keratoplasty can reduce the need for reading glasses. It also can smooth the surface of the cornea for any irregularities.

Contact Swan Family Optometry In Fair Oaks, CA to Book an Appointment

Contact Swan Family Optometry at 916-966-6080 to book an appointment. You can also send us an online message or visit us at our Fair Oaks, CA office.

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